Sermon Notes & References

Where It’s All Headed

1 Peter 5:6-14

(Paraphrase by RGH)                                          October 6, 2019

A.  Comments on the Closing Words

      1.  Affirmation (v 12) – Through Silvanus whom I reckon a faithful brother, I have written to you briefly, encouraging you and witnessing further that this is the true grace of God, in which you are to stand.

 

      2.  Greetings (v 13-14) – 13 She that is chosen together with you in Babylon sends her greetings; also, Mark, my son. 14 Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace be to all you who are in Christ.

 

B.  Humility (vv 6-7) – 6 Therefore bow yourselves in humility under the mighty hand of God in order that he may raise you up at the fitting moment, 7 casting every one of your distractions upon Him, because your concerns belong to Him.

 

C.  The Enemy (vv 8-9) – 8 Be circumspect! Keep watch! Your adversary, the Slanderer, as a lion roaring, walks around seeking whom to swallow up whole. 9 Stand solidly against him in the faith, knowing that the same evil afflictions are being endured by your brothers throughout the world.

 

D.  Benediction (vv 10-11) – 10 The God of all grace, who called you into His eternal glory in Christ, when you have suffered a short time, shall make you complete, established, strengthened and grounded. 11 To Him be the dominion into the ages of the ages; Amen.


Endnote  1 Peter 5:6-14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Where It's All Headed

 

A. Comments on the Closing Words

    1. Final verses of NT Epistles

        a. you have probably noticed that in the various letters in the NT, the final verses contain various notes and personal items

        b. these verses may have originally been in the handwriting of the writer, while the rest was written by a secretary (or, ‘amanuensis’)

        c. the writer may even call attention to this fact, as Paul does for example in Colossians 4:18, and says he always did so, 2 Thessalonians 3:17

        d. these verses may also contain greetings to specific individuals

        e. this is how letters were often closed in NT times, and Peter’s first letter is no exception

        f.  so, let us look briefly at verses 12 to 14 from this perspective

 

    2. Affirmation (v 12) – Through Silvanus whom I reckon a faithful brother, I have written to you briefly, encouraging you and witnessing further that this is the true grace of God, in which you are to stand.

        a. though not absolutely certain, this probably the same Silvanus who was associated with Paul when he wrote his letters to Thessalonica

            (A)    the short form of the name is Silas, likely the same as accompanied Paul on missionary journeys, & was imprisoned with him at Philippi

            (B)    he may have been Peter’s secretary in writing this letter

            (C)   as well as the courier bearing it to its recipients

            (D)   these words in Peter’s handwriting, his commendation of this man, his being so well-known, would authenticate the letter he bore

        b. though the epistle deals with their trials throughout

            (A)    Peter add some final words to encourage his readers

            (B)    he gives a solemn witness – as though in a court of law under oath – that this letter has truly represented the gospel

            (C)   for the good news of salvation is that it is provided by God’s grace

            (D)   since it is not dependent upon human effort, but God’s

                 (1)    then despite what trials may come, they should not worry

                 (2)    but stand upon God’s promises which are faithful and true

 

    3. Greetings (v 13-14) – 13 She that is chosen together with you in Babylon sends her greetings; also, Mark, my son. 14 Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace be to all you who are in Christ.

        a. which Babylon?

            (A)    there was still then, and for a few centuries more, the historic Babylon of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar, & Balshazzar’s feast

                 (1)    in which there existed a Jewish settlement

                 (2)    from which some would have followed the sect of the Nazarene

            (B)    but the term was also used as a code word for the then “Babylon”, the ruler of a world empire – that is, Rome

                 (1)    it is so used in the book of Revelation

                 (2)    and Peter had no need to advertise that he, one of the leaders of this troublesome sect, was in Rome

            (C)   which one is meant is uncertain; I find neither argument persuasive

        b. who is the she?

            (A)    it could be a Christian lady of that city well-know to the Christian pilgrims to whom Peter writes

            (B)    it could be a reference to the church in that city

            (C)   or, given the personal nature of the rest of the verse it could be a respectful reference to Peter’s own wife, whom we can infer Peter took with him on his journeys (see 1 Corinthians 9:5)

        c. who is Mark?

            (A)    probably not his literal son, but son in the faith, just as Timothy was to Paul

            (B)    also known as John Mark, whose mother was called Mary, and seems to have been Peter’s assistant in later life

            (C)   as well as the writer of the second Gospel, of which Peter is clearly a primary source

        d. the form of greeting

            (A)    was that customary in the Mediterranean region then and now

                 (1)    a kiss – the sign by which Judas betrayed Jesus

                 (2)    a kiss of love – so Christian greetings manifested love

                 (3)    it was not eros  love – love of passion between man & woman

                 (4)    but agape love – love of concern for others’ well being

            (B)    a 3rd century record (the 200's) tells us Christians practised this as men with men, women with women, without respect to class

                 (1)    how early it was done in that fashion is unknown

                 (2)    either from the first (as Jewish practice), or a result of abuse

            (C)   a visible demonstration of Christian brotherhood to the world

        e. the greeting’s blessing

            (A)    was to be ‘Peace!’; Jesus’ resurrection greeting to His disciples

            (B)    which conveyed all the benefits of salvation: the Shalom  of well-being with both God and redeemed mankind of all nations

        f.  consider now what underlies such Christian greeting

 

B. Humility (vv 6-7) – 6 Therefore bow yourselves in humility under the mighty hand of God in order that he may raise you up at the fitting moment, 7 casting every one of your distractions upon Him, because your concerns belong to Him.

    1. In Distress

        a. v 6 enlarges on the preceding verse which concludes, ‘… and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble.’ (1 Peter 5:5 NAS)

            (A)    that is particularly speaking of relationships within the church

            (B)    but this verse speaks on a larger and broader scale

        b. the concern, taking the verse as a whole, is submission to God

            (A)    submission to the trials which He sees fit to allow to come your way

            (B)    the surrendered attitude of Jesus Christ which says to our heavenly Father, ‘not my will, but thine be done’

            (C)   the dependent yielding of faith, a trusting child, a faithful Father

        c. confident that when the right and proper time comes in God’s wise planning, we shall be delivered; bringing us to the theme of ...

 

    2. Trust, v 7:

        a. the word translated cares or concerns is literally ‘that which divides’

            (A)    have you ever been busy trying to get one task done

            (B)    but all the while your mind is churning over something else

            (C)   so that your attention is divided, your focus is distracted

            (D)   that is the idea here

        b. the solution is, throw that distraction away ... onto God

            (A)    pitch it out of your mind ... the reason it is there is because you haven’t been able to find a solution ... every effort has failed

            (B)    but, God has mighty hands! ... and He can handle it.

        c. but will He?

            (A)    then comes the assurance

            (B)    the great, Almighty God ... all-powerful ...

                 (1)    ‘sees the little sparrow fall, it meets His tender view; if God so loves the little birds, I know He loves me, too!’

                 (2)    those are Jesus words, set to rhyme, to music, but His words

                 (3)    and we can trust them

            (C)   He is concerned and looking after everything concerning His child – and the trials and tribulations that will come to His child

 

C. The Enemy (vv 8-9) – 8 Be circumspect! Keep watch! Your adversary, the Slanderer, as a lion roaring, walks around seeking whom to swallow up whole. 9 Stand solidly against him in the faith, knowing that the same evil afflictions are being endured by your brothers throughout the world.

    1. Don’t Let It Be Your Fault!

        a. we received an email this week from Nicole Fast showing her brother Gabe’s new Honda upside-down on the apron of the road. Of course she asked for prayer that the doctors would check him our well, but it seems that there were no major injuries. And she added, it clearly was not his fault ... but asking prayer that the insurers would agree!’

        b. in the future to which we are headed as pilgrims in this world, troubles will come – but let us make sure that they are not of our own making

        c. you see, the Christian is forgiven of the guilt and penalty of his or her sins – all of them – for all time

        d. but, sin has natural consequences, and we are not automatically spared those consequences by being God’s child: the OT is full of examples

        e. so, pay heed to this warning so that Satan not deceive you

 

    2. But Satan Is Battling Us

        a. what we were speaking of earlier, though, is of a different nature

            (A)    even Paul experienced Satan’s hindrance (1 Thessalonians 2:19)

            (B)    yet there is hope and help in this warning

        b. there is the reminder that as powerful an antagonist as Satan my be, He is of limited though mighty power

            (A)    He cannot be everywhere at once, as is God – here, as in Job, we are told that he has to go to and fro to cause his havoc

            (B)    He doesn’t know everything that is going on – he must look for it

            (C)   James 4:7 assures us, ‘Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.’

            (D)   and because of Calvary we face a defeated foe

        c. yet as such He is panic-driven, so

    3. Stand Up in Faith

        a. and again, this is not in our strength

        b. but by calling upon our Lord & Victor, Jesus Christ

        c. who is our Champion against the one accusing us

        d. for we are part of a world-wide brotherhood who are doing so and who are proving daily that Jesus Christ is able to deliver us

 

D. Benediction (vv 10-11) – 10 The God of all grace, who called you into His eternal glory in Christ, when you have suffered a short time, shall make you complete, established, strengthened and grounded. 11 To Him be the dominion into the ages of the ages; Amen.

    1. We’re Headed to Heaven 

        a. Once more we are reminded this is all of God’s grace

            (A)    Satan would have us believe

                 (1)    that when we fall, we are lost – not so!

                 (2)    that suffering means God doesn’t love us – not so!

                 (3)    that our hardships will last for ever – not so!

            (B)     God called us and we heard by faith – so God will finish the job

                 (1)    making us complete – perfect – sanctification finished

                 (2)    establishing us – attaching us to the Rock

                 (3)    strengthening us

                 (4)    grounding us – so we cannot be driven by the winds & waves of this world

        b. our suffering: short-lived; God’s calling is not for a time, but eternity

 

    2. Praise God!

        a. give glory to Him for His rule & sovereignty is for ever

        b. ‘until moon shall wax and wane not more.’