Endnote  1 Corinthians 11:23-31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proclaiming the Lord’s Death


A. The Gospel

    1. Four Key Gospel Dates

        a. Incarnation

            (A)    the announcement to the shepherds by the angels

            (B)    10 And the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of a great joy which shall be for all the people; 11 for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord.” (Luke 2:10-11)

            (C)   fulfilling the Messianic promise as stated in Galatians 3:8 (NKJV), ‘And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.”’

        b. Crucifixion

            (A)    Paul continues in Galatians 3:13, writing, ‘Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written, “cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree” —‘

            (B)    so this, too, sad as it is, is part of the gospel, reading 1 Corinthians 15: 1, ‘1 Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, … 3b that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,’

        c. Resurrection

            (A)    but, in the definition of the gospel given in that chapter, Paul does not stop there, but goes on in verse 4, ‘and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,’

            (B)    and as Romans 4 teaches, faith brought Abraham justification, so it does us: “24b … as those who believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 He who was delivered up because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification.”

        d. Second Coming

            (A)    Jesus capped off the gospel message to His disciples, when they were so troubled by His soon departure, saying, “2b … I go to prepare a place for you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.” (John 14:2b-3)


    2. The Lord’s Table Preaches the Gospel

        a. Incarnation – “This is My body which is given for you” (Lk 22:19)

        b. Crucifixion – “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood” (Lk 22:20)

        c. Resurrection – by implication, for without it there would never be …

        d. Second Coming – “16b I shall never again eat it [the Passover] until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God. … 18b I will not drink of the fruit of the vine from now on until the kingdom of God comes.” (Lk 22:16, 18)


B. The Bread: “This Is My Body”

    1. The Symbol in the Passover Bread

        a. to describe all the symbolism in Christ, our Passover, is impossible, and even that in the bread is beyond our means

        b. but just note that it was made without yeast: no time for it to rise

            (A)    originally that called the Israelites to be ready to leave Egypt

            (B)    unleavened bread was symbolic of readiness to obey; instantly

            (C)   In talking about the establishment of the new Covenant to replace the old Covenant, Messiah, the Christ, is spoken of in the Psalms as saying, “Then I said, ’behold, I have come (in the roll of the book it is written of me) to do thy will, O God.’” (Hebrews 10:7)

        c. so this speaks of Christ’s ready obedience

            (A)    Christ entered this world truly as a man

            (B)    this was a needful part of carrying out Father’s plan

                 (1)    agreed by Trinity in eternity past

                 (2)    for the work of salvation

                 (3)    so as sinlessly to be able represent sinful man on the cross


    2. As the Bread of Life

        a. throughout history and in Bible times, bread was the staple food

            (A)    three times Jesus specifically said, He is the bread of life

            (B)    not mere physical food for the body, but far more

            (C)   “I am the bread of life; he who comes to Me shall not hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst.” (John 6:35)

            (D)   “I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone eats of this bread, he shall live forever; and the bread also which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.” (John 6:51)

        b. one cannot know real life without partaking of that Living Bread

        c. and in this service, those who partake of the bread are confessing that they have partaken of Christ, and know that life that He alone gives


    3. As Representing Christ’s Body

        a. the body of our Lord Jesus

            (A)    “And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.” (John 1:14)

            (B)    the eternal Son of God came to earth in bodily form to dwell & to serve among men & to reveal God to mankind in His words & deeds

            (C)   John 1:18 (NIV) No-one has ever seen God, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father’s side, has made him known.

            (D)   this is the body of His humiliation in which the Creator trod upon this earth to become the Servant of all

            (E)    Philippians 2:7-8 : 7 but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.”

        b. this bread, broken then, is speaks of His body

            (A)    the body in which God the Son entered the world

            (B)    the body in which He laboured full of compassion for the sick, the poor and the downtrodden

            (C)   the body that took Him resolutely to Calvary & the cross

            (D)   the body that bore the stripes and punishment which rightfully belong to us

            (E)    the body that bore our shame on the cross


    4. Partaking of the Bread

        a. by eating this bread, representing His body, we are proclaiming to all who would see

        b. in effect saying, “yes, I accept as my own, the great gift that God sent into the world in the Person and work of His Son”

        c. “yes, by feeding on the Living Word of God, I am accepting that Jesus is Truth, the Way, the Life”

        d. “yes, I recognize that what Jesus suffered was for me, He died as I should have died, He was punished for my sin, He was wounded for my transgressions”


    5. let us then give thanks for this bread, which speaks of all that He has done for us, and testify — proclaim — by our eating of it, that we have accepted Him as our own personal Saviour


C. The Cup: “This Is My Blood”

    1. The Symbol of the Wine (Fruit of the Vine)

        a. this represents the shed blood of Jesus Christ at Calvary

            (A)    at the Passover, the blood on the lintels of the door showed that a lamb had been sacrificed to mark the people of God, Israel

            (B)    now the cross is the mark of the people of God, for there the Lamb of God shed His blood for the sins of the world

        b. Now, God tells us in Leviticus 17:11 : “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement.”

        c. blood equals life: this cup represents the life of Christ,

            (A)    in particular, that life given up in place of ours

            (B)    over and over in the Scriptures the message that sin, our sin, brings punishment, brings death: as in Ezekiel 18:4 : Behold, all souls are Mine; the soul of the father as well as the soul of the son is Mine. The soul who sins will die.

            (C)   again, in Romans 6:23 : For the wages of sin is death, …

            (D)   from this symbol then, the cup, we find and preach that Jesus Christ was carrying our a very necessary part of our salvation, shedding His blood, giving up His life … why?

            (E)    because, as Hebrews 9:22 tells us: And according to the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.

            (F)    forgiveness of our sins needed His death for us


    2. The Expectation of Life

        a. but there is another facet or aspect to this cup

        b. because, Christ did not remain in the grave; praise God

        c. He rose again on the third day; praise God

        d. with a most vital result as Hebrews 7:25 tells us: Hence, also, He is able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.

        e. since Christ Jesus our Lord is alive, He is therefore able to give life to those who trust in Him

        f.  let us read again all that verse, Romans 6:23 : For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

        g. this cup represents, as found in that familiar Corinthian passage, a new covenant in His blood, the covenant that brings life in place of death

        h. the life that is the gospel message that we proclaim this morning in this emblem: 2 Timothy 1:9-10 : 9  who has saved us, and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity, 10 but now has been revealed by the appearing of our Saviour Christ Jesus, who abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,

        i.  what a wonderful expectation: Colossians 3:4 : When Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory.


    3. Partaking of the Cup

        a. Thus as we partake of this cup, we are proclaiming, preaching, to all who would watch and hear, that

            (A)    because I have sorrowed over and confessed my sins to God

            (B)    because I have placed my only hope and confidence of salvation from those sins in the Lord, Jesus Christ

            (C)   because I have accepted as mine His finished work on the cross of Calvary

        b. God has applied the atoning work of Christ to me

            (A)    now, the life that is in His blood is mine

            (B)    I am under the innocent blood He shed that covers my sin

            (C)   my sins are forgiven …

My sins are blotted out, I know!

My sins are blotted out, I know!

They are buried in the depths of the deepest sea:

My sins are blotted out, I know! Endnote


    4. so let us give thanks for this cup which tells of Jesus shedding His blood so that we might be forgiven of our sin and find new life, life eternal, in Him


D. “Marvellous Message We Bring!”

    1. A Message of the Future

        a. this Lord’s Table is unique: it looks forward to a very specific future event, a singular event, the fourth ‘once in all of history’ event,

        b. Jesus is coming again!

        c. Jesus said as much which He instituted it: Mark 14:14–26 NKJV: And He said to them, “This is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many. Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”

        d. so there is a great purpose revealed in this observance

            (A)    we are looking forward to a culmination of this world age

            (B)    when the kingdom of God shall be complete


    2. This We Proclaim

        a. the Lord’s Table is one of two ordinances left to us by Jesus

            (A)    they are ordinances; not sacraments as commonly understood that bring grace regardless of the state of the one receiving them

            (B)    the other ordinance is that of baptism

                 (1)    where the going down into the water identifies a person with Jesus Christ in His death – of dying to our old fallen nature

                 (2)    where the coming up out of the water identifies with Jesus in His resurrection, of rising to newness of life in Christ

            (C)   the ordinance of the Lord’s Table portrays the Saviour

                 (1)    in the bread: as the obedient, Incarnate Christ

                 (2)    in the wine: as t;he shedding of His precious blood for our sin

            (D)   so both ordinances are preaching the gospel

        b. together this morning have preached, proclaiming the finished work of Jesus Christ, His death for sinners, so that men may turn to God for deliverance from the wrath to come

        c. you have all been preachers this morning!