Sermon Notes & References

Redeemed Living

1 Peter 1:17-21

March 17, 2019

17 Now, since you call upon Him as Father who judges equitably according to each person’s work, then conduct in reverent fear your going to and fro in this place of exile, 18 Knowing that not by perishable things – by silver or by gold – did you have the ransom paid which freed you from that empty way of life – wandering to and fro – inherited from your ancestors; 19 but no; it was by the price of the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without one blemish, without a single spot; 20 Christ, who on your account, known then before the foundation of this world order, shown openly now at the end of the ages, 21 for you, who through Him are faithful to God who raised him from out of the dead and gave glory to him, in order that your faith and hope would be in God.

A. Introduction

    1. Last Week - Holy Living

    2. What is Redeemed Living? Footnote

B. Summons to Redeemed Living (verse 17)

    1. The Actual Summons

    2. The Summoning Voices

C. Price of Redeemed Living (verses 18-19)

    1. Ransom Money Footnote

    2. Redeeming Blood Footnote

D. Means of Redeemed Living (verses 20-21)

    1. Before Known, Now Shown Footnote

    2. Redemption Applied

E. Conclusion Footnote

Endnote  1 Peter 1:17-21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Redeemed Living


A. Introduction

    1. Last Week – Holy Living

        a. the picture behind the word ‘Holy’ is that of separation

        b. first, there is separation unto God

            (A)    associated with this is also the word ‘dedication’

            (B)    in the OT there are instances of various kinds of dedication

                 (1)    of people – such as the priests, the Levites, the Nazirites

                 (2)    of things – such as the tabernacle, its furnishings

                 (3)    and in each of these there was ritualistic cleansing

            (C)   we also practise this, expressing an intent

                 (1)    dedicating children to the Lord (as Hannah)

                 (2)    dedicating men & women to Christian service

                 (3)    or in baptism, seeking to walk in newness of life

                 (4)    praying that they may be cleansed of God for this

        c. second, there is separation from sin and uncleanness

            (A)    so you can easily see the relationship to the first part

            (B)    in the OT, if ritual uncleanness should come upon the person or thing so dedicated, then there was a set process to correct this

            (C)   in the NT, there are likewise instructions for the believer

                 (1)    so that sin is cleansed daily from our lives

                 (2)    fellowship restored – as for example in 1 John 1

        d. that is the biblical picture & practice of holy living


    2. What Is Redeemed Living?

        a. to answer this, let us turn again to the OT – Deuteronomy 15

            (A)    the life of an Israelite was a redeemed life

            (B)    for at the price of the first-born of Egypt

                 (1)    God delivered him from slavery in Egypt

                 (2)    to live in God’s land of promise

            (C)   so the covenant of Law by which they were to live in that land

            (D)   reflected that they were a redeemed (or ransomed) people

        b. Deuteronomy 15:11-15 – “11 For the poor will never cease to be in the land; therefore I command you, saying, ‘You shall freely open your hand to your brother, to your needy and poor in your land.’ 12 If your kinsman, a Hebrew man or woman, is sold to you, then he shall serve you six years, but in the seventh year you shall set him free. 13 And when you set him free, you shall not send him away empty-handed. 14 You shall furnish him liberally from your flock and from your threshing floor and from your wine vat; you shall give to him as the Lord your God has blessed you. 15 And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God redeemed you; therefore I command you this today.”

            (A)    Israelites were to recognize that they were a redeemed people

            (B)    this was to be reflected in the way they treated their poor

            (C)   the one who bought a slave was in effect redeeming him from debt

            (D)   by the end of the term releasing him generously to freedom

        c. but the passage goes on, Deuteronomy 15:16-17 – “16 And it shall come about if he says to you, ‘I will not go out from you,’ because he loves you and your household, since he fares well with you; 17 then you shall take an awl and pierce it through his ear into the door, and he shall be your servant forever. And also you shall do likewise to your maidservant.”

            (A)    how foolish, we might say, to spurn the offered freedom

            (B)    but the servant has here recognized something important

            (C)   this master has become to him not only master but redeemer

            (D)   under him, the slave does better than when he was apparently free

            (E)    so he surrenders to this master, who is a picture of Jesus Christ

        d. Dr. H.C.G. Moule has written a beautiful hymn on this theme:

My glorious Victor, Prince Divine,

Clasp these surrendered hands in Thine;

At length my will is all Thine own,

Glad vassal of a Saviour’s throne.


My Master, lead me to Thy door;

Pierce this now willing ear once more;

Thy bonds are freedom; let me stay

With Thee, to toil, endure, obey.


Yes, ear and hand, and thought and will,

Use all in Thy dear slav’ry still!

Self’s weary liberties I cast

Beneath Thy feet; there keep them fast.


Tread them still down; and then I know,

These hands shall with Thy gifts o’erflow;

And piercèd ears shall hear the tone

Which tells me Thou and I are one. Endnote


            (A)    That is ‘Redeemed Living’ as we are considering it today


B. Summons to Redeemed Living (verse 17)

    1. 17 And if you address as Father the One who impartially judges according to each man’s work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your stay upon earth;

    2. The Actual Summons

        a. this is specified part way through this verse

            (A)    it is that we are to conduct ourselves in reverent fear

            (B)    that word conduct we have already discussed last week

        b. this is how we are to live in our daily round of life

            (A)    it has been translated pass our lives, spend our lives

            (B)    or our going to and fro through life

        c. the reverent fear we are to show

            (A)    is in sharp contrast with the boastful arrogance of our old nature

            (B)    but is the constant recognition that we have been redeemed

            (C)   as is made clear later in this passage


    3. The Summoning Voices

        a. of our relationship

            (A)    that relationship defined by our calling on God as Father

            (B)    in our Bible Class study of 1 Corinthians we read an extended comment by Alexander MacLauren

                 (1)    it had to do with the Christian’s calling upon God

                 (2)    where he pointed out that is a key description of a Christian

                 (3)    the NT almost defines a Christian as the one who calls on God

            (C)   that relationship calls us to a conduct of redeemed living

        b. of God’s judgement 

            (A)    given that the Christian is to walk by faith

            (B)    there are a surprising number of reminders in the NT that we shall be judged by our works

            (C)   but that, too, is a voice summoning us to a walk of redeemed living

        c. of our sojourning

            (A)    Peter reminds his readers of their pilgrim state

            (B)    their place here on earth is but a brief stay

            (C)   the place of a stranger in a foreign land

            (D)   another reason for their daily goings on to be redeemed living


C. Price of Redeemed Living (verses 18-19)

    1. 18 knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, 19 but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.


    2. Ransom Money

        a. there are a number of instances in the OT Law of the land

            (A)    governing the life of the Israelites in the land of promise

            (B)    where money was used to redeem a person in some fashion

            (C)   as for example, the redemption of the number of excess first-born of whom God took the tribe of Levi in their place

        b. but one more related to our theme this morning

            (A)    is found in Leviticus 25:47-52 – “47 Now if the means of a stranger or of a sojourner with you becomes sufficient, and a countryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to him as to sell himself to a stranger who is sojourning with you, or to the descendants of a stranger’s family, 48 then he shall have redemption right after he has been sold. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle, &c ... He then with his purchaser shall calculate from the year when he sold himself to him up to the year of jubilee; and the price of his sale shall correspond to the number of years. It is like the days of a hired man that he shall be with him. 51 If there are still many years, he shall refund part of his purchase price in proportion to them for his own redemption; 52 and if few years remain &c. ...”

                 (1)    now, in this case, the Israelite sells himself to a foreigner

                 (2)    so, in effect, he has returned himself to the Egyptian slavery

                 (3)    yet there shall be a right of redemption exercised by his family

            (B)    this redemption is a straight financial transaction

            (C)   the amount is determined according to the jubilee year

            (D)   and the calculation of the amount of money thereby defined

        c. so a monetary redemption price could

            (A)    redeem one from an obligation (as of the first-born)

            (B)    or from a debt

            (C)   or a release from prison, in some circumstances

            (D)   but only had relevance from physical or material matters


    3. Redeeming Blood

        a. but that is not the nature of our redemption in Jesus Christ

            (A)    that redemption if by His precious blood

            (B)    Jesus Christ is our Passover lamb

                 (1)    in the words of John the Baptiser: “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” (John 1:29)

                 (2)    the Passover lamb had to be perfect in every way

                 (3)    and its sacrifice meet the highest standard – no bone broken

                 (4)    for the delivery of Israel from the slavery of Egypt

                 (5)    was to be a picture of the delivery of the Christian from the slavery to sin

            (C)   His blood – the blood of the perfect eternal Son of God

                 (1)    is of infinite value

                 (2)    in comparison with the value of silver and gold

                 (3)    for their worth passes away, but His never will

        b. the redemption price of the shed blood of Jesus Christ gives release

            (A)    from sin’s penalty as shown by its agreement to OT sacrifice – “… now once at the consummation of the ages He has been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.” (Hebrews 9:26)

            (B)    form sin’s slavery, “But now having been freed from sin and enslaved to God, you derive your benefit, resulting in sanctification, and the outcome, eternal life.” (Romans 6:22)

            (C)   from Satan’s prison-house, “For He delivered us from the domain of darkness, …” (Colossians 1:13)

        c. that redemption price equips us for redeemed living


D. Means of Redeemed Living (verses 20-21)

    1. 20 For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you 21 who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.


    2. Before Known, Now Shown

        a. here is a reference to the mystery of the gospel

            (A)    Jesus is the One slain from before the foundation of the world

                 (1)    this is what I believe Revelation 13:8 to be describing

                 (2)    it took place in the secret counsels as Paul writes: “but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom, which God predestined before the ages to our glory;” (1 Corinthians 2:7)

        b. this has now been shown openly

            (A)    first, in the Incarnation: God entering mankind in Jesus of Nazareth

            (B)    but in the open victory of the cross and resurrection

            (C)   the apostles gave witness to these events

            (D)   but they were revealed on a larger celestial stage, as is written in Colossians 2:13-15, “13 And when you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, 14 having cancelled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us and which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. 15 When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.”

            (E)    and our Redeemer is given a full stamp of the Father’s approval, Philippians 2:9, “Therefore also God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name,”

        c. This, then is the means by which we can have redeemed living: it is


    3. Redemption Applied

        a. verse 20 end with the phrase, ‘for your sake”

            (A)    the redemption price paid by Jesus Christ

            (B)    His shed blood upon the cross of Calvary

            (C)   was all carried out for your benefit and mine

        b. for us who are believers in Him whom God raised from the dead, v 21

            (A)    not only raised Him, but exalted Him as we saw in Philippians 2:9 – given THE highest name, the NAME of ruler

            (B)    having redeemed us, He is now our master – even as confessed in that great hymn of H.C.G. Moule

            (C)   may we express that in our lives in like fashion


E. Conclusion

    1. “1 If then you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. 2 Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth.” (Colossians 3:1-2)


    2. that, then, in practical terms is redeemed living, living in the full knowledge that we have been redeemed with the precious blood of Jesus Christ