Notes & References                                   “Join All the Glorious Names”

Isaiah 9:6-7

December 2, 2018

1. The Messiah

    a. A ‘Messianic’ Church

    b. A Messianic Passage 1

    c. This Messiah is Jesus, the Christ 2

 

2. Wonderful Counsellor                                         PELE’ Yo‘etz

    a. Wonderful 3

    b. Counsellor 4

 

3. The Mighty God                                                  ’EL Gibbor

    a. God, Indeed 5

    b. Mighty, Indeed 6

 

4. The Everlasting Father                                           ’Abi-‘AD

    a. Father 7

    b. Everlasting Life 8


 

5. The Prince of Peace                                            Sar-SHALOM

    a. Prince

    b. Peace 9

 

6. Conclusion

    a. Jesus is Our King

    b. Take His Name, O Christian 10


1 Isaiah 9:6-7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Join All the Glorious Names

 

1. The Messiah

    a. We Are a Messianic Church

        i.  we are a community of believers in Messiah

        ii. by Him we gather together to worship God, to praise His Name

        iii.     Messiah brought us salvation; spiritual salvation; salvation from sin

        iv.     the Hebrew word, Messiah, corresponds to the Greek word Christ

        v. in their own language both Messiah and Christ mean Anointed One

        vi.      our faith is that Jesus of Nazareth is THE Christ, for in Him each and every one of the promises of Messiah is fully realised, and in no other

        vii.    but the word messiah – anointed – is used in the OT Scriptures in other ways than of THE promised Messiah

            (1)    it is used of the High Priest, Aaron & his descendants

            (2)    it is also used of all of the furniture and vessels of the tabernacle

            (3)    it is used of prophets, Elisha being one example

            (4)    but most frequently it is used of kings: first Saul, then David

            (5)    and even of Cyrus, king of Persia (Isaiah 45:1)

    b. A Messianic Passage

        i.  the verses we are considering this morning is a Messianic passage – the language leaves no doubt that it is talking about a king

            (1)    but who is this king?

            (2)    Jewish scholars have proposed that it was Hezekiah, the son of the evil king Ahaz who was reigning at the time of this verse

            (3)    only, they say, he failed to live up to this verse’s expectations

        ii. what were those expectations?

            (1)    let us go back to the first two verses of this chapter; they read

            (2)    “1 But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but later on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles. 2 The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The light will shine on them.” (Isaiah 9:1-2)

            (3)    bit by bit the 10 northern tribes, known as Israel, were at that time being taken into captivity by Assyria

            (4)    the Jewish rabbis say that the promise here was that Hezekiah would restore those tribes to the throne of David when he became king in the place of his father

            (5)    they also twist the words of the names given in verse 6 in such a way as to apply only the name, ‘Prince of Peace’ to Hezekiah

            (6)    but Hezekiah didn’t do that; did God’s prophecies fail?

        iii.     no, because …

    c. This Messiah Is Jesus, the Christ

        i.  though Jesus was born in Bethlehem according to the promise, He grew up in Nazareth, in the region of the Sea of Galilee; there he began His ministry so that Matthew records, “12 Now when He heard that John had been taken into custody, He withdrew into Galilee; 13 and leaving Nazareth, He came and settled in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali. 14 This was to fulfill what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying,” (Matthew 4:12-14), and then Matthew quotes Isaiah 9:1-2.

        ii. but there are other reasons to see that these verses in Isaiah 9 are not written about any messiah, any king, but about THE Messiah

            (1)    this will become eminently obvious when we look at His names

            (2)    verse 6: “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.” (9:6 AV)

                 (a)    the Hebrew expresses it as having already taken place even though it is to be in the future: this is sometimes called the prophetic perfect, and gives assurance that this will certainly take place – but it did not take place under Hezekiah

                 (b)    Unto us a child is born’ – ‘a bairn is born’ – the normal entrance of every person into the world through his mother

                 (c)    but ‘unto us a Son is given’ – not born! An unusual entrance into the world, even as previously foretold in

                     (i)     Isaiah 7:14, ‘a virgin shall be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel.’, i.e., ‘God with us

                     (ii)    2 Samuel 7:14, ‘I will be his Father, and he shall be my Son’– (going far beyond Solomon in its meaning)

                     (iii)   Ps, 2:7, ‘Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.’

                 (d)    then, ‘the government shall be ... his name shall be’ are in the same tense, and so ‘the government is... his name is’ – the fact is that this child enters the world bearing the ‘government’ as well as these names

            (3)    verse 7: “There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.” (Isaiah 9:7)

                 (a)    the words express Messiah’s actions as continuing on and on, uninterruptedly – ‘from this time (now!) and forever’ – this does not describe some temporary ruler such as Hezekiah

                 (b)    and the concluding assurance, ‘the zeal (jealousy) of the Lord of hosts (Yahweh Tsebaoth) will accomplish this’ – it is because of God’s guardian love of His people that this will happen

        iii.     this Messiah – this King described in these verses

            (1)    enters into His kingdom at birth

            (2)    ‘where is He that is born King of the Jews’ the Magi asked

            (3)    what is it that defines the kingdom – it is where the King rules

            (4)    what describes this kingdom – justice, righteousness, peace – for this is a spiritual not a political kingdom

            (5)    and when does that kingdom cease? ... never! it is the fulfilment of the promise made to David in 2 Samuel 7:12-16, which goes far beyond his immediate successor Solomon, and still holds true even though the human kingly lineage of David has disappeared.

            (6)    thus, the incarnation of the Son of God in the person of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, ushered in a kingdom, not for a mere 1,000 years – which is but a day in God’s sight – but eternally, forever

        iv.     that the incarnation of God the Son as Jesus of Nazareth, the Christ, is prophesied here is made crystal clear by His given Names

            (1)    in the Bible, the names given to people are significant

            (2)    they are descriptive of the character or personality of a person

            (3)    for example, James and John, who suggested that Jesus call down fire on the Samaritan village, He called ‘sons of thunder’

            (4)    even as often do our own nicknames

            (5)    thus these names were not how the Messiah would be addressed, but tell who He is

 

2. Wonderful, Counsellor

    a. Wonderful (Pere’ yo‘etz)

        i.  forceful arguments can be made for there being either 4 or 5 names given in verse 6 – indeed, the Latin Vulgate has 6 names

            (1)    my two favourite commentators on Isaiah, Franz Delitzsch and Edward J. Young, have opposing views

            (2)    the Hebrew Scriptures were written without punctuation and vowels: you cannot conclusively argue for one or the other

            (3)    there is something to be learned from each, whether 4 or 5

        ii. wonderful’, or perhaps more accurately, ‘wonder’ is a word that is always applied to the works of God, not of man

            (1)    e.g., the root of this word is found in the verse, ‘He wrought wonders before their fathers, In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.’ (Psalms 78:12)

            (2)    as Dr. John Gill comments, ‘that he should be God and man in one person, and have two natures, so different from each other, united in him; that he, being truly God, should become man’ 2

            (3)    Judges 13 records the announcement by the Angel of the Lord first to his wife and then to Manoah of Samson’s coming birth and when Manoah asks His name, he is told ‘Why do you ask my name, seeing it is wonderful?’ (Judges 13:18; AV, ‘secret’) – thus showing that this was a pre-incarnation appearance of Christ

                 (a)    it is that same word: incomprehensible, marvellous

                 (b)    Jesus, the God-man, is the One who cannot be explained

                 (c)    “Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift!” (2 Corinthians 9:15); ‘unspeakable’ (AV), ‘too wonderful for words’ (NLT)

        iii.     the life of Jesus was a succession of wonders, of miracles

            (1)    His birth was a miracle: conceived in Mary but of the Holy Spirit

            (2)    He was miraculously delivered from Herod’s murderous wrath

            (3)    His ministry was filled with doing miracles

            (4)    His death on the cross is beyond comprehension

    b. Counsellor

        i.  He is the one, who having made us, knowing that we are but dust, who can give the wisest counsel for our lives – how many people have resisted trusting in Him for fear that He call them to do some difficult and dangerous work, to give up some personal dream, not realising that He is only seeking that which is ultimately best for us

        ii. another quality that underlies Jesus as the Counsellor – His Teaching – that He taught with authority, so that Nicodemus exclaimed, ‘Rabbi [Teacher], we know that You have come from God as a teacher, for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with Him.’ (John 3:2)

        iii.     He is the one who gives guidance to His people by His words, His deeds, His example, His personal presence & His Spirit whom He sent

    c. Wonderful Counsellor

        i.  and when you put together the thoughts already expressed, the sum is more than the parts!

        ii. He is the Supreme Teacher – “Never did a man speak the way this man speaks.” (John 7:46)

        iii.     and He sets for His followers the Supreme Objective of Paul, “that I may know Him, and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death;” (Philippians 3:10)

 

3. The Mighty God (’El gibbor)

    a. God, Indeed

        i.  the word ’Elohim, God, can also be used of men

            (1)    in Psalm 82:6, God tells the people of Israel, ‘You are gods’

            (2)    elsewhere the word is applied to earthly judges

            (3)    and of angels in Psalm 8:5, compare Hebrews 2:7

            (4)    so that frequently it is expressed in compound terms such as “Lord God”, “living God”, “God of hosts”, and so on

        ii. but that is not the word for God here, but rather El

            (1)    a word that is always in Isaiah, and nearly always in Scripture when singular, for the one true God

            (2)    and particularly in the phrase El Shaddai – God Almighty

            (3)    and this term is unmistakably applied to the coming Messiah-King

    b. Mighty, Indeed

        i.  a word meaning strong and heroic, one bringing victory

        ii. in Him we meet with the majesty of God, in all His power & strength

        iii.     for it is He who on our behalf has trod the powers of darkness down

            (1)    in the wilderness overcoming all of Satan’s then temptation

            (2)    but the ultimate triumph of His might took place at the time that seemed most unlikely, Colossians 2:15 (NKJV), “Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.”, that is, the cross (as in verse 14)

 

4. The Everlasting Father (’Abi-‘ad)

    a. Father

        i.  now, at first sight, ‘father’ brings to our minds God the Father, and this seems to be saying quite the opposite

            (1)    but that is because the word ‘father’ can be used other ways

                 (a)    as used by Elisha over the dying Elijah, and evil king Joash of Israel over dying Elisha, when they said, “My father, my father, the chariots of Israel and its horsemen!” (2 Kings 2:12, 13:14)

                 (b)    in both cases, as the words chariots and horsemen show, these two prophets were viewed as the source of Israel’s army having the victory in the battles against the nations around

            (2)    and that is the meaning of father here the source

        ii. and the source of what?

    b. Everlasting

        i.  for this name, more literally, is, “father of forever, or, of eternity’

        ii. eternal, forever – Jesus Christ is the source of eternity; eternal life

        iii.     a few weeks ago we noted that Jesus has life in Himself; He is the source of life – ‘in Him was life ...’ John 1:4

        iv.     and here, over 7 centuries prior, we are told that He is the Source of Eternal life – ‘11 And the witness is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. 12 He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life.’ (1 John 5:11-12)

 

5. The Prince of Peace (Sar shalom)

    a. Prince

        i.  we naturally take that term ‘prince’ and consider it to indicate one subordinate in status or authority (as Prince Philip, William, Harry)

            (1)    in some sense that is true in this name; but not in the earthly sense where the prince expects to succeed his father, the king

            (2)    but in the eastern culture, the prince had power in his own right, that authority and responsibility having been officially put on him

            (3)    remember that word, ‘government’ in verse 7? ... it is from this same root, sar: it is the dominion or extent over which sar rule

        ii. and this name gives the character of the rule He exerts: a kingdom of justice, righteousness and peace; the first two having been properly satisfied, the last is the natural and obvious result

    b. Peace

        i.  you know that Hebrew word, Shalom – it is a greeting, a farewell

        ii. the peace this Prince provides is the satisfaction of that for which man was originally created, and without which we are left empty

        iii.     not merely the absence of conflict

            (1)    but an enjoyment of friendship, of fellowship between God & man

            (2)    the word embodies such blessings a health and wholeness

            (3)    in Christ we are made whole again, of that which Satan robbed from mankind in the Garden of Eden

 

6. Conclusion

    a. Jesus Is Our King

        i.  ‘Christ has for sin atonement made, what a wonderful Saviour!’

        ii. and lo, I am with you always’ – what a guide and counsellor!

        iii.     ‘for He is our peace’ – and there is, therefore, now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus

    b. Take the Name of Jesus with You!

        i.  E. J. Young has pointed out that in these names their is a title or description that can only apply to Deity – Wonder, God, Eternal, Peace – and a title or description that can be applied to a man – Counsellor, Mighty, Father, Prince – these are brought together in one Person: Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Son of God

        ii. may you rejoice this week in confidence in our Lord of these Names

        iii.     being “… confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.” (Philippians 1:6)


Footnotes

Endnotes

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© 2018 by Garth Hutchinson, Faith Fellowship Baptist Church of Aurora (Ontario): may be distributed or quoted freely, only let this be done to the glory “of the great God and our Saviour, Jesus Christ” (Titus ii.13). Except as noted otherwise, quotations are from the New American Standard version, used by permission. Various other English versions of the Holy Bible may be used in this sermon. Explanatory additions to the Bible text are shown in [braces]. Version identifiers are:

 

        AV        Authorized (King James) Version of 1769

        NAS      New American Standard version © 1960, 1995 The Lockman Foundation (usually the 1995 edition)

        NIV       New International Version © 1984 by the International Bible Society

        NLT       New Living Translation © 1996 Tyndale Charitable Trust

        NKJV     New King James Version © 1979 Thomas Nelson Inc., Publishers

        NRSV         New Revised Standard Version © 1989 National Council of Churches of Christ

        RSV      Revised Standard Version © 1946, 1952 National Council of Churches of Christ; Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd


Some of the commentaries and resources used in the preparation of this message are identified as follow:


        BM      Biblical Museum, Editor James Comper Gray, ca 1870

        EBC    The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, © 1986 Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 49530, MI:

        EJY    The Book of Isaiah by Edward J. Young, Wm Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1959

        Calvin    Calvin’s Commentaries

        Gill      Exposition of the Old Testament, Exposition of the New Testament, by John Gill, D.D.

        JFB     Jamieson, Fausset & Brown

        K&D    Commentary on the Old Testament – Keil & Delitzsch – Eerdman’s, 1959

        Kerux –  The sermon & illustration data base compiled by Rev. David Holwick at the web-site, www.holwick.com.

2

Gill, in loc