Sermon Notes & References

“God Enters Jerusalem”

Luke 19:28-44

March 25, 2018

A. Tempering Expectations 19:1-35

    1. Jesus' Approach to Jerusalem

    2. Zaccheus (verses 1-10)

    3. The Parable of Nobleman's Servants (verses 11-27)

    4. Assurance That Jesus Is Right (verses 28-35) 1

 

B. The Entrance of God the Son 19: 36-40

    1. The Popular Acclaim (vv36-38) 2

    2. The Rulers' Disdain (vv 39-40) 3

 

C. Opportunity Lost 19:41-44

    1. Missing the Moment (vv 41-42) 4

    2. The Sad Result (vv 43-44) 5

 

D. Conclusion

    1. God's Next Entry 6

    2. Don't Miss Out!



1 Luke 19:28-44. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  “God Enters Jerusalem”

 

A. Tempering Expectations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19:1-35

    1. Jesus’ Approach to Jerusalem

        a. it was the week before Passover, and Jesus, His disciples, some of the women who supported him in His ministry (Mark 15:40-41) along with a host of others were travelling south along the floor of the Jordan valley to come to Jerusalem

        b. Jesus had travelled this way many times in the past, but this time was to be terribly different from the others

        c. at length they arrived at Jericho where they would turn out of the valley and begin to ascend the 19 or so miles up to Jerusalem

 

    2. Zaccheus (verses 1-10)

        a. now, there was living in the lower part of Jericho a certain publican – in fact a chief tax collector – whose name was Zaccheus

            (A)    a man who, hearing that Jesus was coming, ran to see Him

            (B)    but being very short, he could not see, so he climbed a sycamore tree to look out over the crowd

            (C)   there Jesus saw him, called him down, and invited Himself to his house to rest there from His journey

        b. of course, there was criticism from the crowd on account of this that He had gone to be the guest of a man who is a sinner

        c. but that sinner had repented

            (A)    repented with the fruits of repentance: charity and restitution

            (B)    and Jesus’ assessment was, “9 And Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because he, too, is a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”“ (Luke 19:9-10)

            (C)   Jesus’ purpose differed from men’s ideas as we see next

 

    3. The Parable of Nobleman’s Servants (verses 11-27)

        a. And while they were listening to these things, He went on to tell a parable, because He was near Jerusalem, and they supposed that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately.” (Luke 19:11)

        b. in this parable, Jesus shows that God has a totally different time-table

            (A)    the man of noble birth who is going to receive the kingdom clearly is God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, verse 12

            (B)    the people who refused to have Him as King are particularly the Jewish nation, the people who would not have him, verse 14

            (C)   the servants are those to whom He gave a commission until the time of His return, verse 13

            (D)   and at His return, starting in verse 15, there was an accounting

                 (1)    the servant who failed, went without reward, verse 24 – how sad when Jesus shall return for those who are saved as by fire (1 Corinthians 3:15), who despite the spiritual gifts received have not employed them to the glory of the King!

                 (2)    the people who refused Him as King were destroyed, verse 27

        c. this was on that first Palm Sunday: what will happen in this next week, the Passion Week, will carry out the first half of this time-table, and, when Jesus comes to earth again, the rest will be carried out

            (A)    it was in this way that Jesus tempered their expectations

            (B)    Jesus knew the character of this people as we shall see later

 

    4. Assurance That Jesus Is Right (verses 28-35)

        a. His directions to the two disciples (vv 29-31)

            (A)    they were now a mile or two from Jerusalem

            (B)    and Jesus gives these disciples precise instructions where they can find the donkey and how they were to obtain it

            (C)   Jesus knew this just as He knew the real outcome of this week

            (D)   but for now He was to fulfil Zechariah 9:9, “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, Humble, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

        b. The directions carried out (vv 32-35)

            (A)    and everything took place “just as He had told them

            (B)    the colt of the donkey was there

            (C)   the owners asked the question as foretold

            (D)   upon giving the answer Jesus supplied they were allowed to take it

            (E)    And they brought it to Jesus, and they threw their garments on the colt, and put Jesus on it.

        c. so they were not to be taken in by the popular acclaim they would see, but rather understand that Jesus’ parable was the truth, then and now


 

B. The Entrance of God the Son . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19: 36-40

    1. The Popular Acclaim (vv36-38)

        a. 36 And as He was going, they were spreading their garments in the road. 37 And as He was now approaching, near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice for all the miracles which they had seen, 38 saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord; Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!” (Luke 19:36-38)

        b. the words that the people cried out are from Psalm 118:26.

            (A)    this Psalm was associated with the building of the second temple upon the return of the Jews from Babylon – that is the reason for the reference in it to the cornerstone

            (B)    Ezra 6:15 tells how the temple was completed on the 3rd day of Adar, and 6:19ff, how the next month the Passover was celebrated

            (C)   so this Psalm became associated with the Passover each year

            (D)   and was also recognized as Messianic

            (E)    so the people in crying Hosanna – “Save us, we pray” – knowingly were acknowledging that this Jesus, the prophet from Galilee, was the Christ, the Messiah

        c. but they did not understand what the work of Messiah was to be

            (A)    they gathered all the prophecies of the OT that agreed with their own desires and by them defined the Messiah

            (B)    but they willingly ignored the other aspect of Messiah, were blind to it, that He was “a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief

            (C)   Nicole, the wife of our former assistant pastor, Carlos Fast, was brought up in Israel and went to a Jewish school. One day she read from Isaiah 53 to some of her fellow students. “Oh, you can’t read that here,” they cried, “that is from the Christian Bible (the New Testament).” They were astounded to find that it came from the Jewish Scriptures, from Isaiah, the prophet of hope.

        d. nor did they realize that in prophecy the only real King of Israel was to be God Himself – that any and all human kings had always and would always only be His temporary delegates and agents

            (A)    but Messiah’s kingdom was to be everlasting

            (B)    6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. 7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. ….” (Isaiah 9:6-7)

            (C)   13 … And behold, with the clouds of heaven One like a Son of Man was coming, And He came up to the Ancient of Days And was presented before Him. 14 And to Him was given dominion, Glory and a kingdom, That all the peoples, nations, and men of every language Might serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion Which will not pass away; And His kingdom is one Which will not be destroyed.” (Daniel 7:13-14)

            (D)   how could this be? ... because Messiah is the Son of God; Deity

            (E)    so that day it was God, in the Person of the Son of God, who entered into Jerusalem, “humble, and mounted on a donkey.

            (F)    thus He fulfilled Malachi 3:1, “”Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the Lord of hosts.

 

    2. The Rulers’ Disdain (vv 39-40)

        a. 39 And some of the Pharisees in the multitude said to Him, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.” 40 And He answered and said, “I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out!” (Luke 19:39-40)

        b. during this Passion Week, there would be repeated encounters between the Lord Jesus and the religious rulers in Jerusalem

            (A)    the Pharisees, who had a reputation of righteousness, but were shown to be sham by the real righteousness of Jesus

            (B)    their associates, the Scribes, who as lawyers defined the rigmarole through which a person could go to keep the Law of Moses

            (C)   the Sadducees, who included the priests, and held their position of political rulers in Israel by the power of the Roman governor

            (D)   how Jesus silenced their criticism, but earned the murderous hatred you will find written in the gospel records of this week

            (E)    but of those things we shall now speak no further

        c. but of the disdainful criticism of those who gave their praise, albeit shallow and undiscerning, to Messiah King entering Jerusalem, we shall note that Jesus defended them for they were right in doing so

            (A)    in Matthew 21:15-16, we are told that their attack was especially levelled at the children, ‘15 But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that He had done, and the children who were crying out in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became indignant, 16 and said to Him, “Do You hear what these are saying?” And Jesus *said to them, “Yes; have you never read, ‘out of the mouth of infants and nursing babes thou hast prepared praise for Thyself’?”

        d. when God came in human form into Jerusalem that day, there had to be praise to Him; it was the opportunity for the Jewish nation to receive their Lord and Saviour

            (A)    some individuals did so; some for the moment; some for eternity

            (B)    but, if none of them had done so, then creation itself must cry out – the very stones would have more life than the people

            (C)   how sad it is when people are confronted by Jesus Christ, come face to face with the truth that He alone is the Saviour of mankind and refuse to recognise Him

 

C. Opportunity Lost. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19:41-44

    1. Missing the Moment (vv 41-42)

        a. 41 And when He approached, He saw the city and wept over it, 42 saying, “If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace! But now they have been hidden from your eyes.” (Luke 19:41-42)

        b. God, in Jesus Christ, had entered the city of Jerusalem

            (A)    we said that Jesus knew the nature of this nation: we see so here

            (B)    shortly before he had cried, “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, just as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not have it!” (Luke 13:34)

            (C)   this people would not have this man to rule over them because His purpose was different from theirs

        c. The Prince of Peace had come in peace, riding on a donkey

            (A)    they were looking for the Captain of the Lord’s Hosts to wage war against Rome and establish them as rulers

            (B)    Jesus had come for a nobler purpose: this ride up to the city would lead to His walking the via dolorosa – the way of suffering – to a hill called Calvary to win the victory over our sin

 

    2. The Sad Result (vv 43-44)

        a. So Jesus goes on to say, “43 For the days shall come upon you when your enemies will throw up a bank before you, and surround you, and hem you in on every side, 44 and will level you to the ground and your children within you, and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not recognize the time of your visitation.” (Luke 19:43-44)

            (A)    Jesus thus makes very clear the reason for the destruction of Jerusalem in 70AD, with the Jewish nation again exiled

            (B)    it was because they did not recognize God when He, the promised Emmanuel, came into their midst

            (C)   the Jews were then given a 40-year period as an opportunity for national repentance – the 40-year period is significant in Scripture

        b. but their antagonism against Christ increased

            (A)    we have been looking at 1 Thessalonians and last week we noted that they were commended as they had suffered at the hands of their countrymen in the same fashion as Jewish Christians had been persecuted and cast out out from Jerusalem

            (B)    Nevertheless, we rejoice that among the Jews, “In the same way then, there has also come to be at the present time a remnant according to God’s gracious choice.” (Romans 11:5)

 

D. Conclusion

    1. God’s Next Entry

        a. Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God is going to return

        b. insofar as that return, which all mankind shall see, can be considered to take place at one location, that location is Jerusalem

        c. 3 Then shall the Lord go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. 4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. 5 And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” (Zechariah 14:3-5 AV)

            (A)    note the switch between the plural “ye” addressing the people of Judah, and the singular “thee” where God is addressed

            (B)    this does not sound like a pleasant time in Jerusalem, and the description agrees with Jesus’ parable of the nobleman’s servants

            (C)   whether “saints” means believers or the holy angels, is unclear, but this time the Lord Jesus, God the Son, will enter Jerusalem, not in peace as before, but as conquering King

 

    2. Don’t Miss Out!

        a. make sure that at His return, you are one of His people

        b. and that you have lived so as to hear His saying to you, “Well done, good and faithful servant.”


Footnotes

Endnotes

1

© 2018 by Garth Hutchinson, Faith Fellowship Baptist Church of Aurora (Ontario): may be distributed or quoted freely, only let this be done to the glory “of the great God and our Saviour, Jesus Christ” (Titus ii.13). Except as noted otherwise, quotations are from the New American Standard version, used by permission. Various other English versions of the Holy Bible may be used in this sermon. Explanatory additions to the Bible text are shown in [braces]. Version identifiers are:

 

              AV          Authorized (King James) Version of 1769

              NAS        New American Standard version © 1960, 1995 The Lockman Foundation (usually the 1995 edition)

              IGNT              Interlinear Greek New Testament, Zondervan Publishing, 1956; as well as other Greek Texts as W&H, Nestle, etc.

              NIV         New International Version © 1984 by the International Bible Society

              NKJV              New King James Version © 1979 Thomas Nelson Inc., Publishers

              WEY               The New Testament in Modern Speech © 1902, 1912 R. F. Weymouth


Some of the commentaries and resources used in the preparation of this message are identified as follow:


              BM       Biblical Museum, Editor James Comper Gray, ca 1870

              EBC             The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, © 1986 Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 49530, MI:

              EGT             The Expositor’s Greek Testament, Hodder & Stoughton; 1903

              JFB  -      Commentary on the Old and New Testaments, Jamieson, Fausset & Brown; S. S. Scranton & Co. 1872

              Gill       Exposition of the Old Testament, Exposition of the New Testament, by John Gill, D.D.

              Kerux –   The sermon & illustration data base compiled by Rev. David Holwick at the web-site, www.holwick.com.

              RWP             Robertson’s Word Pictures of the New Testament, by Dr. A. T. Robertson