Notes & References

“Messiah Promised”

2 Samuel 7

December 10, 2017

A.  David’s Proposal

      1.  The Son of David 1


 

      2.  David’s Desire



 

B.  The Promise of the Son of David

      1.  Character of Prophecy 2


 

      2.  Solomon or Jesus Messiah?


 

      3.  Jesus Messiah’s House 3



 

C.  Conclusion 4


1 2 Samuel 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Messiah Promised

 

A. David’s Proposal

    1. The Son of David

        a. The NT opens with these words, “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, – that is, “of Jesus Messiah” – the son of David, the son of Abraham.” (Matthew 1:1)

        b. used in the NT, that expression, “the Son of David” with only one exception, is equivalent to “Messiah” – it was used that way by

            (A)    men seeking to be healed of blindness (Matthew 9:27, et alii)

            (B)    the multitudes who saw His miracles (Matthew 12:23)

            (C)   the Canaanite woman (Matthew 15:22)

            (D)   those at the triumphant entry to Jerusalem (Matthew 21:9)

            (E)    and even the Pharisees (Matthew 22:42)

        c. where did this term for Messiah come from? It was from 2 Samuel 7 from which we read a few moments ago.

 

    2. David’s Desire

        a. in the preceding chapter: the return of the Ark of the Covenant from the house of Obed-edom to the tent prepared for it in city of David

        b. that was when David danced ahead of the procession, and Michal his wife saw it and sneered at him for his lack of dignity

        c. then one day David saw the indignity of his living in a house of cedar while God’s ark of the covenant was in a place of rough tent curtains

        d. he expressed his desire to build a proper house for God to Nathan, who told him to go ahead

        e. but God had other plans and sent prophet Nathan with these words

        f.  2 Samuel 7:5-7, 5 “Go and say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Are you the one who should build Me a house to dwell in? 6 For I have not dwelt in a house since the day I brought up the sons of Israel from Egypt, even to this day; but I have been moving about in a tent, even in a tabernacle. 7 Wherever I have gone with all the sons of Israel, did I speak a word with one of the tribes of Israel, which I commanded to shepherd My people Israel, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’”’”

        g. then God turned the subject to David’s own house, not that of cedar, but that of David’s son


 

B. The Promise of the Son of David

    1. Character of Prophecy

        a. the pagan Delphic oracles

            (A)    gave their prophecies in such a fashion as they could be understood in two different, opposite ways

            (B)    whether it turned out good or bad, they were fulfilled

        b. Biblical prophecy in general is specific & precise

            (A)    in such and such a way Nineveh, Babylon, Edom, Moab, Egypt – and so on – would be destroyed

            (B)    Israel and Judah would each go into captivity

            (C)   these would return to Palestine from that exile in so many years

            (D)   in Daniel there is given a prophecy of the times of the Maccabees

                 (1)    it describes the oppressor of the Jews, Antiochus Epiphanes

                 (2)    as well as the political events of those days

                 (3)    in such detail that skeptics decided it must have been written in the second century BC by someone other than Daniel

            (E)    there is no need for a secondary or any hidden meaning

        c. but, sometimes, in one single prophecy, there is a fulfilment that takes place in the immediate as well as the remote future

            (A)    there are prophecies of the Messiah that are like this

            (B)    but Scripture makes it clear when this is the case

            (C)   one example is « (READ with comments) » Isaiah 7:14-16 «

                 (1)    Ahaz troubled by alliance of kings of Israel and Syria

                 (2)    Behold a virgin” – literally, “Behold! the (or, this) virgin”

                 (3)    her yet to be conceived child, “Immanuel” – God is with us – named as an expression of her faith of God’s deliverance »

                 (4)    “Ahaz, before that child come to the years of understanding, these lands will have been forsaken by the kings you so much dread!”

                 (5)    BUT, the NT makes clear that there is another virgin, with another child, of a different nature, who better carries the Name of Immanuel who will also fulfil this prophecy in the angel’s announcement to Joseph in Matthew 1:23

            (D)   then there are the examples of prophecies of Messiah which in the same passage describe Him both as suffering & also as victorious

                 (1)     « (Selectively Read) Isaiah 52:13-53:12 » is one example «

                     (a)    52:13 Messiah’s exaltation

                     (b)    52:14 Messiah’s suffering

                     (c)    52:15 His universal impact

                     (d)    53:1-6 His redemptive work

                     (e)    53:7-9 His humiliation

                     (f)    53:10-12 The success & victory of His ministry »

                 (2)    concerning such prophecies, the apostle Peter writes, “10 As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful search and inquiry, 11 seeking to know what person or time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow.” (1 Peter 1:10-11)

                 (3)    so such prophecies describe contradictory events which can only be explained by multiple fulfilments, for example of Messiah’s second coming as distinct from His first

            (E)    but in the absence of such contradiction or NT confirmation, beware those who arbitrarily say concerning a prophecy, “But this prophecy will have yet another fulfilment in the future.”

        d. the chapter before us has such contradiction, where some parts can only be fulfilled by Solomon, the son of David, and other parts which describe Messiah, the greater Son of David

 

    2. Solomon or Jesus Messiah?

        a. in 2 Samuel 7:8-11, God points out to David that

            (A)    God chose David in order to bring His people fully into the land

            (B)    that the wicked nations around them will no longer afflict them

            (C)   that they will not be disturbed, but will have rest from enemies

        b. and in verse 11, that while David will not make a house for God, instead God will make a house for David

        c. Solomon, a specific descendant will take David’s place

            (A)    v 12: he will be established firmly as king

            (B)    v 13: this descendant will build God’s house or temple,

            (C)   v 14: when Solomon sins, God will correct him as a father

            (D)   v 15: God will not desert him on this account

        d. yet there is Someone other than Solomon in view in these verses

            (A)    the throne of His kingdom, v 13, is distinct from David’s, v 16

            (B)    His kingdom is forever, while it is evident that Solomon’s was not

                 (1)    his apostasy meant 10 tribes would depart at his death

                 (2)    one part lasted for 2½ centuries, the other 3½

            (C)   it is therefore only in Jesus Messiah, David’s greater Son, that David’s kingdom may be said to endure forever, since after the return from exile, no descendant of David ever sat as king

 

    3. Jesus Messiah’s House

        a. in the last part of 2 Samuel 7, David sounds forth his praise to God for this gracious promise of God concerning his house

            (A)    he worships for what God is doing for him personally

            (B)    verse 22: “For this reason Thou art great, O Lord God; for there is none like Thee, and there is no God besides Thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.

            (C)   he worship for what God is doing for His people

            (D)   verses 24, 26: “For Thou hast established for Thyself Thy people Israel as Thine own people forever, and Thou, O Lord, hast become their God. ... that Thy name may be magnified forever, by saying, ‘The Lord of hosts is God over Israel’; and may the house of Thy servant David be established before Thee.

        b. but in the NT we find another aspect of this house of David that is to be realized in Jesus Messiah:

            (A)     « (READ with comments) » Hebrews 3:1-6 describes this house «

                 (1)    Jesus the central & dominant figure in Hebrews

                 (2)    Jesus is the example & impulse for our own lives

                 (3)    Jesus compared & contrasted with Moses

                 (4)    Moses’ “house”, the people redeemed by God from Egypt

                 (5)    Jesus’ “house” is the people He Himself has redeemed »

            (B)    it is all those who are in Jesus Messiah by faith who make up this house; it is the Christian church

            (C)   wherefore believers are exhorted to maintain faith & confidence

        c. how this is so is explained elsewhere with these words

            (A)    The “you” in these verses is in the plural: Paul is addressing the people of the local church in Corinth collectively: “16 Do you not know that you are a temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? 17 If any man destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him, for the temple of God is holy, and that is what you are.” (1 Corinthians 3:16-17)

            (B)    and in the final chapters of Revelation are given the promise: “And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He shall dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself shall be among them,” (Revelation 21:3)

 

C. Conclusion

    1. the promise to David concerning his house is fulfilled in Jesus Messiah

        a. it was for the benefit of His people: then Israel, now greater Israel

        b. that eternal fellowship with God be established with His redeemed

    2. therefore, the promise given through prophet Nathan to David was far more than some mere, earthly kingdom

        a. before 4 centuries had passed, that would all have disappeared

        b. the kingdom that is in view is an everlasting kingdom

        c. Daniel in exile could see this to the case as it was explained to him, “And to Him was given dominion, Glory and a kingdom, That all the peoples, nations, and [men of every] language Might serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion Which will not pass away; And His kingdom is one Which will not be destroyed.” (Daniel 7:14 NAS)

        d. God promised this to David, and in due time brought it to pass; by this we can be well assured that in due time our salvation in Jesus Messiah will be brought to its wondrous finish in heaven.


Footnotes

Endnotes

1

© 2017 by Garth Hutchinson, Faith Fellowship Baptist Church of Aurora (Ontario): may be distributed or quoted freely, only let this be done to the glory “of the great God and our Saviour, Jesus Christ” (Titus ii.13). Except as noted otherwise, quotations are from the New American Standard version, used by permission. Various other English versions of the Holy Bible may be used in this sermon. Explanatory additions to the Bible text are shown in [braces]. Version identifiers are:

 

        AV        Authorized (King James) Version of 1769

        NAS      New American Standard version © 1960, 1995 The Lockman Foundation (usually the 1995 edition)

        NIV       New International Version © 1984 by the International Bible Society

        NLT       New Living Translation © 1996 Tyndale Charitable Trust

        NKJV     New King James Version © 1979 Thomas Nelson Inc., Publishers

        NRSV         New Revised Standard Version © 1989 National Council of Churches of Christ

        RSV      Revised Standard Version © 1946, 1952 National Council of Churches of Christ; Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd


Some of the commentaries and resources used in the preparation of this message are identified as follow:


        BM      Biblical Museum, Editor James Comper Gray, ca 1870

        EBC    The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, © 1986 Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 49530, MI:

        Calvin    Calvin’s Commentaries

        Gill      Exposition of the Old Testament, Exposition of the New Testament, by John Gill, D.D.

        JFB     Jamieson, Fausset & Brown, Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

        K&D    Commentary on the Old Testament – Keil & Delitzsch – Eerdman’s, 1959

        Kerux –  The sermon & illustration data base compiled by Rev. David Holwick at the web-site, www.holwick.com.