Sermon Notes & References

Chosen

1 Peter 1:1-2

January 13, 2018

A. Peter, an Apostle of Jesus Christ, to those chosen, living as pilgrims in a foreign land, of a people scattered in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, according to Father God’s predetermined counsel, God the Holy Spirit’s sanctifying work, and unto obedience and sprinkling of blood of Jesus Christ (God the Son). May you have the fullest measure of grace and peace. (RGH)

B. Review

    1. Apostle

    2. Addressees

C. Sojourners

    1. Foreigners Footnote

    2. Not Belonging Footnote

D. Chosen

    1. Despite appearances Footnote

    2. Chosen According to ...



Endnote  1 Peter 1:1-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chosen

 

A. Introduction – résumé

    1. Peter, an Apostle of Jesus Christ, to those chosen, living as pilgrims in a foreign land, of a people scattered in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, according to Father God’s predetermined counsel, God the Holy Spirit’s sanctifying work, and unto obedience and sprinkling of blood of Jesus Christ (God the Son). May you have the fullest measure of grace and peace. (RGH)

 

    2. The Writer an Apostle

        a. meaning is one sent, especially with a message

        b. he is not the apostle, but simply apostle

            (A)    one of many

            (B)    not a term of excellence but of service and submission

        c. the key is that he is apostle of Jesus Christ

            (A)    by whom an apostle is sent reveals his (delegated) authority

            (B)    it reveals also the importance, character, priority of message

            (C)   it distinguished him from all the confusion of of other messages

 

    3. Those Being Addressed

        a. Christians, forming these churches, God’s people, Jew & Gentile

        b. those scattered in one part of Roman Empire, which is now Turkey, and the location of seven churches addressed in Revelation 2 & 3

        c. basically those had been evangelised by Paul & associates

 

B. Sojourners

    1. Foreigners

        a. there are other words to translate this

            (A)    one word: rendered as ‘living as pilgrims in a foreign land’ (RGH)

            (B)    or ‘who reside as aliens’ (NAS), of simply, ‘strangers’ (AV)

            (C)   or, exiles

        b. but the meaning does not include that of immigrant

            (A)    Israel in captivity an example – at least a remnant in it

            (B)    they had no intention of being Babylonians

            (C)   their heart in Jerusalem Israeli patriots

        c. that then is a picture of the Christian church

            (A)    as Jesus said to Pilate at His interrogation, Jesus’ Kingdom, of which is the Church, is not of this world

            (B)    we sing ’This world is not my home, I’m only passing through’

            (C)   in this case no such thing as dual citizenship

                 (1)    our translation from Satan’s domain to Son’s kingdom as noted in Colossians 1:13

                 (2)    but there is a kingdom & our King demands ultimate allegiance

                 (3)    there is a spiritual political realm, and we are citizens of it

                 (4)    “So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household,” (Ephesians 2:19)

                 (5)    “For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ;” (Philippians 3:20)

            (D)   hence there is the Millennial longing of God’s people, for the time when Christ’s kingdom is brought into visible evidence – but we would pray that this may even now be the case for the church

 

    2. Not Belonging

        a. in human term all that builds a wall between citizens & aliens

            (A)    culture, language (in evangelisation, Ethnos seeks first to train its workers in CLA, Culture & Language Acquisition, so as to be able to communicate the gospel effectively in understandable idiom))

            (B)    our heritage – our link with the land

                 (1)    Maureen, – B.C.

                     (a)    ocean, mountains, interior valleys, trees, birds

                     (b)    having a real spring

                     (c)    lived more than ½ her life here, but still the tug

                 (2)    myself – Ontario

                     (a)    rolling hills, mixture of small/large farms (no longer)

                     (b)    rivers and lakes

                     (c)    little towns (disappearing)

                 (3)    each one has different ties

                     (a)    prairie dwellers – ‘on a clear day you can see forever’

                     (b)    from the islands – its warm! the sea, shore, fish

                     (c)    David:”The lines have fallen to me in pleasant places; Indeed, my heritage is beautiful to me.” (Psalms 16:6)

        b. so sojourners feel out of place; and often we feel it as Christians

            (A)    there is the feeling of their being all alone

            (B)    Song by slaves in U.S., “Sometimes I feel like a motherless child … a long way from home … then I get down on my knees and pray.”

            (C)   Although the plaintive words can be interpreted literally, they might alternatively be metaphoric. The “motherless child” could be a slave separated from and yearning for his or her African homeland, his or her spouse, parents, siblings, or child(ren) (from all or any of which he or she may have been separated in the trafficking process) or a slave suffering “a long ways from home”—home being heaven—or most likely all. Endnote

 

    3. You Do Belong!

        a. so Peter’s letter opens

            (A)    right away there comes the assurance needed by God’s people

            (B)    on the authority of the one sending Peter with this message

            (C)   of Jesus Christ Himself

        b. yes, you are sojourners

            (A)    yes, you churches are scattered across those provinces listed

            (B)    yes, you are spread out: a few here, a few there

        c. but you do belong

            (A)    to each other – fellowship, family, friends

            (B)    and, much more importantly, to your Heavenly Father

        d. and the evidence is this: you have been …

 

C. Chosen

    1. Despite Appearances

        a. in the Greek, the word ‘chosen’ stands right next to ‘sojourners

            (A)    so they stand in a stark contrast; and almost in an inappropriate juxtaposition

            (B)    grammatically the two words can be taken in two ways

                 (1)    as being in apposition: both referring to the same thing (the churches in those provinces) but in a different fashion

                 (2)    or, the first, ‘chosen’ as specifically describing or qualifying what is meant by the second Endnote , so that it is chosen sojourners who are according to what comes in verse two.

                 (3)    nevertheless, the word ‘chosen’ precedes and by its emphasis it is the focus of what follows in verse 2

            (C)   but the strangeness comes in that given their situation, these spots of churches on the map should be called chosen, select

            (D)   but then God does such surprising, unbelievable things

        b. adoption: a child chosen is similar in some ways, different in others, to this choosing that we read here

            (A)    Illus: couple adopting child – interview mother before birth – first picture, a beautiful baby attractively clothed

            (B)    but in Ezekiel 16, God describes his choosing of Jerusalem in much different terms

                 (1)    it was like a naked, abandoned child in the wilderness

                 (2)    it is described as a very unattractive sight

                 (3)    that chapter goes on in a different vein of Israel’s rejection of the God who so persistently loved and treated them

            (C)   but God’s motivations are totally unlike ours, for Moses says, ‘For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth. The Lord did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any of the peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples, but because the Lord loved you and kept the oath which He swore to your forefathers, the Lord brought you out by a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.’ (Deuteronomy 7:6-8a)

 

    2. Chosen According to …

        a. now, in the Greek, verse 2 begins of with a 4-letter preposition, kata

            (A)    it is commonly translated ‘according to’

                 (1)    some translations omit this, as if it were a mere connector such as the words ‘and’ or ‘but’

                 (2)    but it shouldn’t be ignored in that cavalier fashion

                 (3)    this word shows relationship between the chooser, the choosing & the purpose of the choice

                 (4)    it answers the wondering‘why?’ that we have been asking

            (B)    ‘According to’ means that such choosing is fitting, in conformity, in accordance

                 (1)    not with whom we are

                 (2)    nor with what we are

                 (3)    but with whom God is

        b. and this verse 2 follows with a three-fold explanation that it satisfies

            (A)    God the Father’s foreknowledge

            (B)    God the Spirit’s sanctifying

            (C)   God the Son’s cleansing

        c. and, Lord willing, we shall continue with that verse next week; indeed, as one writer has expressed it, this entire letter is a commentary on these three elements in our being chosen. Endnote