1.Party Spirit in the Church, chs 1-4
2.Moral Disorders in the Church, chs 5-7 – to be filled in as we go through this section in order to give the context of what has been written.
a.Ch. 5 A Stern Rebuke; Dealing with Sin, Specific & General
i.5:1-8 (Paul focusses on) Specific Immorality Addressed; Rebuking Immorality;
Recognising & Dealing with Sin; Sin Defiles the Church
ii.5:9-13 Purify the Church; Immorality (Sin) Requires Judgement
Separate Yourselves from the Unworthy
b.Ch. 6 _____________________________________________________________
i.6:1-8 Bases for Judgement; Don’t Take a Brother to Court, But to the Church
c.Ch. 7 _____________________________________________________________
3.Social Relations in the Church, chs 8-11
4.Spiritual Gifts in the Church, chs 12-14
5.Fundamental Doctrine of the Church, ch 15
6.Conclusion of the Letter, ch 16
B. I Corinthians 6:1-8 – DIY, or, see the titles above
1.(1-3): Our Responsibility of Judgement; “You Do the Judging”
a.verse1 – Does any one of you, when he has a case against his neighbour, dare to go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?
i.Key idea(s):– Let the church decide legal matters; Laws of heathen unsuited to settling matters between believers; Don’t settle differences in secular courts; Their wrong lawsuits
ii.Who are these saints (1 Cor. 1:2)? – Believers with ALL that implies.
iii.What makes this surprising in light of 1 Cor. 5? – Their attitudes and actions do not match what they really are in Jesus Christ.
iv.What makes this unexpected in light of 1 Cor. 1-4? – They boasted in their particular ‘leader’ but failed to follow their ultimate leader, the Lord, Jesus.
b.verse 2 – Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is judged by you, are you not competent to constitute the smallest law courts?
i.Key idea(s):– They should be able to do this (judge) ...; Wisdom makes us competent to judge; Saints will judge world so can judge minor matters; Their competence to judge.
ii.What is covered by “the smallest law courts?” – other translations are “the smallest matters” (NKJV), “trivial cases” (NIV), “petty matters” (Weymouth) – similar to today’s “small claims court”
c.verse 3 – Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, matters of this life?
i.Key idea(s):– ... since we shall judge world and angels; Future judgement of angels; Confirmation of status as judges; The extent of this competence.
ii.Read Acts 17:31 (Jesus is the Judge); what then is our part in this judging? – (1) virtual judgement by our lives (2 Corinthians 2:14-16); (2) judge≡rule; see 2 Timothy 2:12, Revelation 20:6; (3) we = the church as part of her union with Christ
2.(4-6) – No Secular Courts! Judgement by the Saints; Proper Judgement; Shame on You!
a.verse 4 – If then you have law courts dealing with matters of this life, do you appoint them as judges who are of no account in the church? NB: commentators disagree much
i.Key idea(s):– (1) Unbelievably you appoint those unworthy; They chose those unsuited to judge (2) Why be judged by unbelievers? Inapplicability of secular judges.
ii.“who are of no account in the church”– to help us to see others’ viewpoints!!!
1) reasons to understand as secular judges are:– the context of verses 1, 6
2) reasons to understand as least notable in church are: AV translation, ‘the least esteemed in the church’; command, ‘appoint the least esteemed to judge’
b.verse 5 – I say this to your shame. Is it so, that there is not among you one wise man who will be able to decide between his brethren,NB: 5a ends sentence of verse 4
i.Key idea(s):– Choose a wise brother to judge; Not one wise man is to their shame; Rebuke for not using those gifted with wisdom among them.
ii.From 1 Cor 1-4, why should choosing a wise man not have been a problem? – if they had been listening to any one of their claimed teachers, they would not have had a problem in choosing a wise man.
c.verse 6 – but brother goes to law with brother, and that before unbelievers?
i.Key idea(s):– Their disputes handled amiss; Emphasises wrong in taking internal church strife outside the church; Christians seeking judgement by unbelievers.
ii.How was this an especial shame to the Corinthian church? – immaturity; they were boasting about their leaders and then getting caught in petty grievances.
3.Titles (7-8): Even if You Win, You Lose! Don’t Wrong Your Brother
a.verse 7 – Actually, then, it is already a defeat for you, that you have lawsuits with one another. Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be defrauded?
i.Key idea(s):– Their defeat by insisting on their rights; Lawsuits show failure; Should be settled by Matthew 5:39-42 (turn your other cheek to an evil person)
ii.Explain what this defeat was – in their: … Impaired witness; … Not growing; … Lack of love (Jn 13:3) or Uncharitableness; … Disobedience
b.verse 8 – On the contrary, you yourselves wrong and defraud, and that your brethren.
i.Key idea(s):– Such actions wrong brothers; No underlying attitude of love and forgiveness remains when heathen courts involved; Some of you wrong brothers.
ii.How did their actions constitute wronging & defrauding? – Not doing their duty; Giving wrong examples of correction; Placing a brother before a heathen court rather than one of Christian brethren, and its inevitable results.