1 Corinthians 5:1-8 Summary


A. Outline Footnote

1.Party Spirit in the Church, chs 1-4 Footnote

2.Moral Disorders in the Church, chs 5-7 – to be filled in as we go through this section in order to tive the context of what has been written.

a.Ch. 5 _____________________________________________________________

i.5:1-8 (Paul focusses on) Specific Immorality Addressed; Rebuking Immorality;

Recognising & Dealing with Sin; Sin Defiles the Church

ii.5:9-13 ________________________________________________________

b.Ch. 6 _____________________________________________________________

i.6:1-11 ________________________________________________________

ii.6:12-20 ________________________________________________________

c.Ch. 7 _____________________________________________________________

i.7:1-9 ________________________________________________________

ii.7:10-16 ________________________________________________________

iii.7:17-24 ________________________________________________________

iv.7:25-40 ________________________________________________________

3.Social Relations in the Church, chs 8-11

4.Spiritual Gifts in the Church, chs 12-14

5.Fundamental Doctrine of the Church, ch 15

6.Conclusion of the Letter, ch 16

B. Ch 5:1-8                                                                               (See titles for this section above)

1.Vv 1-2: Titles Dealing with Immorality; Lack of Self & Church Discipline;

Wrong values, wrong behaviour

a.1 It is actually reported that there is immorality among you, and immorality of such a kind as does not exist even among the Gentiles, that someone has his father’s wife.

i.Key ideas: (A specific case of) immorality; Corinthian Christian acting unsaved.

ii.Does this mean this never happened among Gentiles? No. What then? – Even Gentiles considered this wrong & not want it to be ‘commonly (everywhere) reported.’

b.2 And you have become arrogant, and have not mourned instead, in order that the one who had done this deed might be removed from your midst.

i.Key ideas: Unrepentance; No church discipline; Their wrong response; Their acceptance of immorality is condemned.

ii.What heresy is here refuted; cf Rom 6:1, 15 (yes, it is prevalent today!)? – The sin of a Christian doesn’t matter for it is easily forgiven: ‘I can do what I like. We are under grace not law.’ It is called antinomianism; the NT refutes this idea (Gal 5:22ff).

2.Vv 3-5: Titles Temporary Consequence for Sake of Eternal Security (Salvation?)

A Matter, a Time and a Place for Judgement; Immorality Judged;

a.3 For I, on my part, though absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged him who has so committed this, as though I were present.

i.Key ideas: Paul has judged; ... in absentia, but present in spirit; Judges as though present physically.

ii.On what basis was this judgement given? – Paul’s authority in Christ; (but still applicable on the authority of Scriptures, Jesus & Holy Spirit’s presence in church.)

b.4 In the name of our Lord Jesus, when you are assembled, and I with you in spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus,

i.Key ideas: They need spiritual discernment; The Lord Jesus is with us; Church represents name, power and unity of Christ

c.5 I have decided to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of his flesh, that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.

i.Key ideas: Apostolic verdict; Paul’s sentence and hope; Paul pronounes a stern remedy; Spirit more important than the flesh; A frightful sentence.

ii.What does ‘delivering to Satan’ imply (cf., 1 Timothy 1:20)? – in some way God’s protection removed from saint; purpose of restoration though beyond help.

 

3.Vv 6-8:Titles Lessons from Leaven; Illustrated by Yeast

Realise your Salvation & Behave Accordingly

a.6 Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump of dough?

i.Key ideas: Sin’s contagion; Boasting spreads; A little pride (sin) negatively affects the whole person (whole church)

ii.What quality of yeast is in view here? – it puffs up; it permeates, spreads

iii.How does it illustrate the effect of this sin? – its effects spread: from first to the immediate people involved, through the whole church.

b.7 Clean out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed.

i.Key ideas: Cleansing needed; Get rid of sin; Purge yourself of fleshly pursuits; Be renewed in the work of Christ

ii.Why is the Passover example so appropriate? – Householder sweeps the place aggresively to remove every bit of leaven (representing sin), cleaned thoroughly.

c.8 Let us therefore celebrate the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

i.Key ideas: Restored relationship; Celebrate Christ in sincerity & truth; Rejoice in our forgiveness and renewal;

ii.What are the inevitable results of acceptance of sin, particularly this one? – it brings malice (anti-love), wickedness (deeds of sin); destroys sincerity and truth.